Приказ Минздрава России от 28 июня 2018 г № 401н "О внесении изменений в Порядок оказания паллиативной медицинской помощи детям"

Паллиативная помощь детям

Паллиативная помощь детям
 Теперь, с учетом поправок, порядок оказания паллиативной помощи детям сформулирован так:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
1. Настоящий Порядок устанавливает правила оказания детям паллиативной медицинской помощи, направленной на избавление от боли и облегчение других тяжелых проявлений заболеваний на стадии, когда исчерпаны возможности радикального лечения, в целях улучшения качества жизни неизлечимо больных детей, за исключением больных ВИЧ-инфекцией.
2. Оказание паллиативной медицинской помощи детям осуществляется медицинскими организациями и иными организациями, государственной, муниципальной и частной систем здравоохранения с учетом прав ребенка и (или) его законного представителя на выбор врача и медицинской организации.
3. Паллиативная медицинская помощь детям может оказываться в следующих условиях:
амбулаторно (в условиях, не предусматривающих круглосуточное медицинское наблюдение и лечение), в том числе на дому при вызове медицинского работника; стационарно (в условиях, обеспечивающих круглосуточное медицинское наблюдение и лечение).
4. Паллиативная медицинская помощь оказывается неизлечимо больным детям с отсутствием реабилитационного потенциала, которые нуждаются в симптоматической терапии, психосоциальной помощи, длительном постороннем уходе.
5. Оказание паллиативной медицинской помощи детям осуществляется:
врачами-педиатрами участковыми, врачами общей практики (семейными врачами), врачами-педиатрами, врачами по паллиативной медицинской помощи, прошедшими обучение по дополнительным профессиональным программам повышение квалификации) по вопросам оказания паллиативной медицинской помощи детям; медицинскими работниками со средним профессиональным образованием, прошедшими обучение по вопросам оказания паллиативной медицинской помощи детям.
6. Решение о направлении ребенка на оказание паллиативной медицинской помощи принимает врачебная комиссия медицинской организации, в которой осуществляется наблюдение и/или лечение ребенка, в состав которой включаются руководитель медицинской организации или его заместитель, заведующий структурным подразделением медицинской организации и лечащий врач по профилю заболевания ребенка.
Врачебная комиссия оформляет заключение о наличии показаний для оказания ребенку паллиативной медицинской помощи (далее — заключение), которое вносится в медицинскую документацию ребенка. Копия заключения направляется медицинской организацией, в которой осуществляется наблюдение и/или лечение ребенка, в медицинскую организацию, оказывающую паллиативную медицинскую помощь детям, а также выдается на руки несовершеннолетнему (его родителю или иному законному представителю).
7. При направлении ребенка в медицинскую организацию, оказывающую паллиативную медицинскую помощь, оформляется выписка из медицинской карты ребенка, получившего медицинскую помощь в амбулаторных условиях, или медицинской карты стационарного больного, с указанием диагноза, результатов клинических, лабораторных и инструментальных исследований, рекомендаций по диагностике и лечению, иным мероприятиям.
8. Паллиативная медицинская помощь детям в амбулаторных условиях оказывается выездной патронажной службой паллиативной медицинской помощи детям.
9. При наличии медицинских показаний ребенок направляется в медицинскую организацию, оказывающую паллиативную медицинскую помощь в стационарных условиях.
10. Паллиативная медицинская помощь детям в стационарных условиях оказывается в отделениях  паллиативной медицинской помощи детям и хосписах для детей.
11. При возникновении угрожающих жизни состояний, требующих оказания экстренной или неотложной медицинской помощи, выездная бригада скорой медицинской помощи доставляет детей в медицинские организации, обеспечивающие круглосуточное медицинское наблюдение и лечение по профилю заболевания пациента.
12. При достижении ребенком 18-летнего возраста с целью преемственности оказания паллиативной медицинской помощи он направляется в медицинскую организацию, оказывающую паллиативную медицинскую помощь взрослому населению.
13. При оказании паллиативной медицинской помощи детям назначение и выписывание обезболивающих лекарственных препаратов, в том числе наркотических и психотропных лекарственных препаратов, включенных в списки II и III Перечня наркотических средств, психотропных веществ и их прекурсоров, подлежащих контролю в РФ, осуществляется в соответствии с приказом Минздрава РФ от 20 декабря 2012г. N1175н.
14. В отдельных случаях по решению руководителя медицинской организации, при выписывании из медицинской организации, оказывающей паллиативную медицинскую помощь в стационарных условиях, ребенка, получающего наркотические и психотропные лекарственные препараты и нуждающегося в продолжении лечения в амбулаторных условиях, могут назначаться либо выдаваться одновременно с выпиской из истории болезни наркотические и психотропные лекарственные препараты из списков II и III Перечня на срок приема пациентом до 5 дней.
15. В случае если проведение медицинских манипуляций, связанных с оказанием паллиативной медицинской помощи детям, может повлечь возникновение болевых ощущений у пациента, такие манипуляции должны проводиться с обезболиванием.
16. При выписке из медицинской организации, оказывающей паллиативную медицинскую помощь детям в стационарных условиях, родителям (законным представителям) даются рекомендации по дальнейшему наблюдению, лечению, включая организацию и осуществление при наличии медицинских показаний искусственной вентиляции легких и ухода в амбулаторных условиях, в том числе на дому.
17. Сведения о медицинских организациях, оказывающих паллиативную медицинскую помощь детям, доводятся до граждан лечащими врачами, а также путем размещения медицинскими организациями сведений в информационно-телекоммуникационной сети «Интернет».
18. Медицинские организации, оказывающие паллиативную медицинскую помощь детям, осуществляют деятельность во взаимодействии с общественными объединениями, иными некоммерческими организациями, осуществляющими свою деятельность в сфере охраны здоровья.
19. Паллиативная медицинская помощь детям может быть оказана с применением телемедицинских технологий путем организации и проведения консультаций и (или) участия в консилиуме врачей в соответствии с приказом Министерства здравоохранения Российской Федерации от 30 ноября 2017 г. N 965н «Об утверждении порядка организации и оказания медицинской помощи с применением телемедицинских технологий».
 
 
В приложении 1 подробно описаны правила организации деятельности выездной патронажной службы паллиативной медицинской помощи детям.
Приложение 2 и 3  регламентирует штатные нормативы и стандарты оснащения для выездной патронажной службы паллиативной медицинской помощи детям. В штат службы добавлена 0,5 ставки массажиста. Так же в штате появятся неврологи, детские онкологи и анестезиологи-реаниматологи.
В приложениях с 4-9 описаны правила организации, штатные нормативы, стандарты оснащения отделения паллиативной помощи и хосписа для детей.
Отдельно оговариваются правила транспортировки детей нуждающихся в паллиативной помощи. 
 
 
Документ вступает в силу с 14 сентября 2018г.
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